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The Symbol of Fravahar was discussed from the cultural & historical aspects in ‎Jamshid Institute.‎
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Arash Torki Sharifabad   
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On sunday evening Azar 20th ( Dec. 9th ) a documentary film containing the subject of Fravahar by Iman Zarbakhsh was shown in Jamshid Institute. The film was screened with the presence of it`s director , in introducing the Symbol of Fravahar  Mr. I.Zarbakhsh said " If we go through the history of different nations in all over the world, we will notice that various nations & races have had a unique symbol for themselves showing the way of their thoughts.   For example ,  There is a figure of a human being with two wings in Teymareh Inscriptions which seems there must be a cultural mystery behind that. It is also estimated that there is a connection between the Symbol of Winged Human Being         ( Fravahar ) & the natural geography of its original region , mainly because the figure of Fravahar is similar to the figure of the bird Hawk flying. But there is a question & that is why has been mentioned the bird Hawk here ? & the Answer is , because Hawk is known as a spry bird. In Bahram-yasht , one of the ways showing to Zarathushtra the Spitama for winning a victory resembles to the bird hawk. According to the Hooshang-shah Myth ( King Hooshang ) , Iranians were the first people who could domesticate the hawk for the first time in the history. The figure of the Winged Human Being has also been found among the other nations & races. For example , in Assyrian Civilization , Ashour is being shown like a winged human being while defeating the other gods ; Indicating the point that the figure of the winged human being is being inspired by the hawk.



In continue , Mr. I.Zarbakhsh gave a detailed explanation of the Figure of Fravahar , Fravahar means the  "Forward Pulling Force" ; as a matter of fact , it is a beam of the Infinite Divine Essence of Ahoura Mazda ( the Wise Lord of the Universe , in Zoroastrian Religion ). The upper part of Fravahar , looks like a human`s face , shows the experience based on the reason. Fravahar`s right hand pointing upward is representing the direct relation with God. There is the Mehr Ring ( the Ring of Covenant ) in Fravahar`s left hand. Two great wings , expanded at both left & right sides of Fravahar`s body , including three main feathers , shows the human being`s flying by the power of Good Thoughts , Good Words , Good Deeds to get to the advancement. The great circle in the middle of Fravahar`s body symbolizes the eternity of the universe. It is also  indicates the point that what we do in this world Good or Evil , will come back to us finally too. Two loops  downwards at the two sides of Fravahar`s body is known as Spenta Mainyu & Angra Mainyu. The lower part of Fravahar displays Bad Thoughts , Bad Words , Bad Deeds which should be restrained absolutely. Human being`s existence is consisting of 5 main parts including Kherad  ( Reason ) , Daena ( Conscience ) which is known as Distinguishing Force between Right & wrong         ( Good & Evil ). , Baoz  ( understanding Power ) consists of 2 Physical & Spiritual Dimensions , Ravan ( soul ) who is responsible for human being`s deeds , Fravahar or Fravashi which shows us that with foresight we can go forward  toward advancement. In fact Fravahar is a beam of the Divine Essence of Ahoura Mazda that has been put in human being`s existence since his/her birth. It is noticeable that Fravahar is always pure & after human`s death will return to its origin. Although the symbol of Fravahar is known as a symbol with thousands of years of historical  background , but It is also shining  with more magnificence in the history of Iran. The Fravahar Figure is also being considered as an Iranian national symbol , but on the other hand it shouldn`t be regarded merely as a religious figure too. The Fravahar Figure may be known as one of the most important valuable symbols of Iran.

At the final section of the short documentary of Fravahar , It was mentioned that human being himself/herself is just responsible for his/her good or bad deeds. On the other hand , if human follows the Fravahar , he/she will encounter with happiness  & goodness , otherwise his/her life would be full of evil & sadness.  It seems that if we seek the Symbol of Fravahar in other nations , we will face the various kinds of Symbols but with a similarity to the Main Symbol of Fravahar in Iran . As a consequence , Fravahar is a beam of the Divine Essence of Ahoura Mazda which shows the right way to the human being. Because of that , as a symbolic tradition ,  in the last days of Esfand & the early days of Farvardin , Iranians prepare themselves to welcome the Fravahars of the people whom passed  the way.

I.Zarbakhsh finished his speech " it is our duty to protect the ancient iranian national signs and symbols belonging to the history of Iran & introduce them to the whole world in the correct way. "


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